Location: Uganda is a small landlocked East African country that lies astride the equator. It is bordered by Sudan to the north, DR Congo to the west, Kenya to the east and Tanzania and Rwanda to the south.

Size: 242,000 sq kms (approximately the size of the UK) and 20% of its surface is covered by water, part of the Great Lakes.

Borders: Safe and accessible land borders with Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania; risky land borders with Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

Population: 28 million (2005 estimates)

People: Ugandans are remarkably hospitable people. The 52 nationalities (tribes) are fall in the broad ethnic classifications of Bantu, Nilotics, Nilo-Hermites and Hermites. Each nationality has elaborate customs and traditions many of which are displayed in colourful dances and dressing.

Main towns: Kampala (capital city), Entebbe, Jinja, Mbarara, Mbale, Gulu, Arua, Fort Portal.

Government: Republic, with direct presidential elections.

Independence date: October 9, 1962 (from Britain)

Life Expectancy: 42 (males), 45 (females).

Average Family income: US $400

Time: GMT/UTC + 3
Population: 42 million
Seasons: Wet (March to May, October to November), dry (December to February, June to September)
Telephone: Country code 256; international access code 000
ATMs: Kampala, Jinja, Mbale, Mbarara and major towns in Uganda
Capital: Kampala
Visa: US$50 for one month; issued at the Entebbe International Airport and at most borders
Languages: English, Luganda, Kiswahili
Area: 236, 580 sq km
Budget :US$20 a day in town, US$50 in parks
Money: Ugandan shilling; US$1 = USh3600


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